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Europa Barbarorum unit of the day

Zrahakir Netadzik (Armenian Armoured Horse-Archers)

Zrahakir Netadzik (Armenian Armoured Horse-Archers). These were the elite of the Armenian kingdom being a unique, highly trained, manoeuvrable, hard-hitting, heavy cavalry. The use of skirmishing and rapid manoeuvres by the shock cavalry became important elements of Armenian battles and the Cataphract Archers are masters at this. The Cataphract Archers are heavily armoured and equipped with lance and bow. This allows them to engage the enemy from afar before making a final charge. These men use concentrated missile fire combined with the mass charge of cavalry to break the will of enemy infantry. Against steady infantry they will employ skirmish tactics peppering the enemy with archery, wheeling away if contact looms, only to rally again as often as might be needed. They would have an iron 'spangenhelm' helmet with mail aventail. An iron scale corselet would protect the torso, partially covered by a richly embroidered felt tabard. Laminated arm guards would completely encase the arms, from shoulder to wrist. Leather gauntlets without reinforcement would be worn to protect the hands, leaving them free to ply their bows. Thigh guards and leg defences of laminated armour attached to quilted cuisses secured to the belt with leather thongs. The horse’s tail would be tied off with a brightly coloured ribbon. He would sit on a large brightly coloured saddle cloth which would be heavily embroidered with geometric designs or animal motifs. They would be armed with the 12' kontos lance and the powerful composite horse bow. A light brown open quiver would be slung on the right side and a separate bow case slung on the left.

Zemjones (Baltic Light Spearmen)

Zemjones (Baltic Light Spearmen). Źhemjones (ZhEM-jo-nes, "Those of the Land"). Baltic Light Spearmen are fierce warriors of the Baltic who use spear and shield to defend their land with honor.

Yukhuna Ysaninu Purma (Early Yuezhi Noble Cavalry)

Yukhuna Ysaninu Purma (Early Yuezhi Noble Cavalry). These mounted nobles represent a lightly armoured medium cavalry, able to skirmish with their bows and equipped with lances also able to mount a desperate charge. They wield their bows with skill, and are able to handle their lances; However their chief virtue lies in their supportive nature, as horse-archers but also as flankers, a diversionary force as well as nobles who may lead but also inspire their troops. They will not perform very well in melee due to their light defences, so care must be taken to use these nobles wisely. This is offset by their great skill in archery, allowing them to out-range their adversaries and to out-power other archers thanks to their asymmetrical bows.

Ysaninu Aysna (Early Saka Nobles)

Ysaninu Aysna (Early Saka Nobles). Protected with helmets and good quality scale armor, riding horses with frontal barding and wielding stout spears, these Saka Nobles can give a good account of themselves in hand to hand combat. Also, they are no less adept with the strong, composite bows they carry than poorer, more lightly-equipped horse archers and only slightly less agile. This combination makes them suitable for a variety of tasks. These are warriors that can attack infantry under the right conditions, that can go toe to toe with most other cavalry (or evade and shoot horsemen they would rather not face in melee) and that will win archery duels with the elusive horse archers (or will chase them off the battlefield). Cavalry armed with the long, two-handed lances may prove their better in melee, and, of course, frontal charges against decent infantry in good order will likely be suicidal. Against such foes, cooperation with the lighter horse archers that should abound in any Saka army and the Nobles’ own bows should prove very useful. All in all, the Early Saka Nobles are a valuable unit of great flexibility. Of course, the price of their expensive war gear will often mean than not many of them will be present in most Sakae armies.

Ysaninu Aysiramjä (Saka Bodyguard Cavalry)

Ysaninu Aysiramjä (Saka Bodyguard Cavalry). These fearsome warriors wear an armoured jacket fitted at the waist and made of large metal plates. Their necks are protected by high armoured neck-guards, their arms by brassarts made of steel or hard leather bands and their legs by greaves. The casque they wear, originally made of cast bronze, was riveted or welded by several iron pieces. Their horses are protected by an armoured cloth. They carry a long kontos lance for the shock action during the first charge and a deadly sagaris battle-axe that can cut through the heaviest of armour in melee combat. These heavily armoured warriors are the most powerful shock arm available to the Saka and represent the epitome of Saka military achievements in the history of heavy cavalry. Their weapon set was the prototype from which the famous Pahlava kataphraktoi used in later history and they are Kataphraktoi in their own right. In cooperation with light horse archers and other less heavily armoured units using primarily the larger recurved composite bow for offense as was the case in Central Asian nomadic warfare, they are best used after their lighter companions have weakened and "softened" up the enemy. Yet, they are still a valuable asset even when used alone, for no enemy except the most disciplined and armoured of infantry units can withstand their fearsome charges and nasty blows they deliver to their foes during melee combat.

Xosenthōzez Xazdādoi (Germanic Bodyguard)

Xosenthōzez Xazdādoi (Germanic Bodyguard). χo-senþōzez χazðāðoi (kho-SEN-thō-zez KhAZ-dhā-dhoi, "Longhaired Companions"). Xosenthōzez Xazdādoi are the Germanic tribes' best warriors. A war-leader is obeyed by his warriors because of his bravery, not because of his rank. In battle he must act as an example to his men and it is a disgrace for him to be surpassed by them in bravery. The warriors in turn have to equal the bravery of their war-leader. The lord fights for victory, his companions for their lord. Long-haired Companions are fearless, and even hungrier for glory than younger men. Their original training has been augmented by years of warfare, often leaving their bodies heavily scarred. Long-hairs are wealthy, powerful men, fiercely loyal to their lord. Their weapons and armor are the best, because these warriors have joined the retinue of a chieftain or other powerful lord who often provides better equipment.

Xosenthōzez Marxoreidondijoi (Germanic Heavy Cavalry)

Xosenthōzez Marxoreidondijoi (Germanic Heavy Cavalry). χo-senþōzez Marχo-reiðonðijoi (kho-SEN-thō-zez MAR-kho-REI-dhon-dhi-joi, "Warhorse-riding Companions"). Xosenthōzez Marxoreidondijoi, whose name can also mean "Companion Cavalry" are a heavy cavalry unit composed of the Germanic tribes' best warriors, by foot or horseback, who possess Celtic wargear and warhorses, the best arms and armor available. They are Long-hairs who have joined the bodyguard of a chieftain or other powerful lord who can provide them with the finest Celtic warhorses and wargrear at his disposal. Their original strict discipline and training has been augmented by years of warfare, hardening them as they gain glory and wealth through battle prowess and weapon skill. They are extremely wealthy and powerful men, but still fiercely loyal to their lord who brings them victory. Warhorse-riding Companions can be used most effectively as shock troops whose charges can break the enemy line and destory their flanks, but they are also useful for overrunning heavy infantry and slaughtering lighter cavalry.

Xorjonoz Dreugondijoz (Germanic Mercenary General)

Xorjonoz Dreugondijoz (Germanic Mercenary General). χorjonoz Đreuġonðijoz (KhOR-jo-noz DhREU-ghon-dhi-joz, "Campaigning Army-Lord"). Not every xorjonoz (general) in Germanic society was of noble lineage, be it by blood, marriage or adoption. There were many freemen of status who could be elected command of an army through fame, skill, or influence at the Thenxoz (Assembly of Freemen). Sometimes though, he's a dreuguloz (mercenary) selling his military knowledge to whomever can pay the high salaries he demands. And any mercenary general is like any craftsman, if he does his deals in a satisfactory manner, more will want his services and he can raise his fee as his reputation justifies it. The general himself strides to war alongside handpicked soldiers, Armored Mercenaries, who are the Germanic tribes' best warriors. A war-leader is obeyed by his warriors because of his bravery, not because of his rank. In battle he must act as an example to his men and it is a disgrace for him to be surpassed by them in bravery. The warriors in turn have to equal the bravery of their war-leader. The lord fights for victory, his companions for their lord. They are fearless, and even hungrier for glory than younger men. Their original training has been augmented by years of warfare, often leaving their bodies heavily scarred. Longhairs are wealthy, powerful men, fiercely loyal to their lord. Their weapons and armor are the best, because these warriors have joined the retinue of a chieftain or other powerful lord who often provides better equipment.

Xorixeulōm Fleudō (Warship Fleet)

Xorixeulōm Fleudō (Warship Fleet). χori-χeulōm Fleudō (KhO-ri-kheu-LŌM FLEU-dō, "Fleet of Warships"). The Xorixeulōm Fleudō is composed of vessels based on the Hjortspringbaden boat from around 350 BC. The remainings of it, along with purposely destroyed swords and other arms and items found in a South Danish peat bog, were sacrificed to an unknown god. The 19 meter long boat was built of one bottom plank and 2 pairs of side planks. Each plank that was sewn together, had rows of hewn-out cleats to which the elegant combined frames and seats were tied. The stem and stern was cut from a single piece of wood. Just like all other germanic boats, this too was not equipped with sails. Some of the designs featured in this boat can also be seen in much later craft, like the Nydam boat or even viking ships.

Xerunoudōzez (Germanic Swordsmen)

Xerunoudōzez (Germanic Swordsmen). χeru-noudōzez (KhE-ru-NOU-dō-zez, "Sword-enjoyers"). The Xerunoudōzez, whose name can also mean "Sword-attainers" or "Sword-companions" are privileged warriors of status who have inherited, earned, or captured swords which they bring with them to battle. They are well trained, experienced with swords and javelins to soften the enemy before their furious charge.

Worgōzez (Wild Mercenary Infantry)

Worgōzez (Wild Mercenary Infantry). Worġōzez (WOR-ghō-zez, "Those who deserve Strangulation”). The forests of Germania, dense and expansive are home to all sorts of wild and dangerous beasts, including those of the human variety. Wargōzez, whose name can also mean "Wolves," or "Outlaws" are predatory Indo-European warriors who are outcasts from regular society sometimes as exiles and criminals, sometimes by choice, and oftentimes young men seeking to prove themselves in accordance to extremely ancient customs. These men live deep within the woods that shield and blanket Germania, an ideal enviroment for hiding and preserving all sorts of ancient traditions, untainted by external forces and influences now becoming more and more commonplace in Germania via trade and military expansion. They fend for themselves in this harsh and unforgiving enviroment much in the same way as the wild beasts, so feared and respected they are sometimes emulated throughout Germania and indeed Europe as a whole. They use equipment and tools that will understandably become more and more makeshift as time goes on as the more common utensils from societies left behind begin to fade, wear and break. These men look after themselves, living out a true and ancient ideal of self sufficency and independance seen throughout the Ancient world and likely drawing its origins from a Proto-IndoEuropean tradition and possibly even prehistoric, pre-IndoEuropean traditions. Living in small groups made up of individuals from all over the class spectrum, for all sorts of reasons, these young men will have spent many years surviving in the wilderness and will have as a consequence become very vicious, efficient and arguably quite mentally ill due to their isolation from regular society. What sets these men apart from other wild men who undoubtably existed in Europe for a very long time, is their use of wolf symbolism. The wolf is a proud, vicious and cunning pack hunter animal, an expert at survival, whose striking aesthetic and haunting howls will have understandably captured the imagination of man since the moment they encountered the beast for the first time. So it is no surprise that over time perhaps through superstition, perhaps through an understanding of the power of psychology on the battlefield or perhaps for simple camoflage and practicality, that men would don the skins of wolves and attempt to emulate these fierce beasts on the battlefield, altering their aesthetic and also their mental state to give themselves an edge in combat.These packs of man-wolves are outrageously vicious and aggressive in combat, stalking their prey through the trees and tall grass before choosing to make their attack, howling and roaring as they make their presence known on the battlefield. They swiftly charge towards their enemies with their weapons trained on their opponents faces, necks and limbs, perhaps after hurling a devestating volley of javelins whose accuracy will have become impeccable from years of hunting to survive. After combat the more peculiar and perhaps disturbing habits of these men can be witnessed in the drinking of the blood of enemies, perhaps even their own blood, possibly cannibalism, self mutilation, and of course: howling. It is not surprising to learn that these very ancient style warriors will have gained the attention and respect of wealthy Germanic lords, and later on Roman Emperors (such as Trajan) who would seek to hire and use these men to fight their enemies and expand their territories. Of course, it comes at a price, such individualisitc warriors will not work for just anyone, they will expect good pay and one will have to venture deep into the forests of Germania to find them, risking ambushes from all sorts of potential enemies as one travels, however, once located and hired, these terrifying mercenaries could be exactly what an ambitious Emperor, King or Warlord requires in order to successfully expand his or her borders or defeat his or her foes.

Woithiz Wāthā (Germanic Naked Fanatic Spearmen)

Woithiz Wāthā (Germanic Naked Fanatic Spearmen). Woiþiz Wāþā (WOI-thiz WĀ-thā, "Possessed Hunting-party"). Woithiz Wāthā, a unit whose name can also mean "Wild Hunt" is a band of unconventional warriors from the eastern fringes of Germania who specialize in ambush. They enhance their zeal and "fury" by blackening their bodies with the help of pitch and natural dyes, then wait until the darkest of night to strike, skillfully choosing the time and place of the battle. They provoke fear deep into the heart of their enemy with the terrifying, shadow-like appearance of an army of the dead, as they charge with wide-eyes, "mad" and foaming at the mouth, naked, screaming at their foes. Any who survive assaults by these maniacal warriors are convinced they are spirits sent from the Otherworld. These men are cultists who dedicate themselves to Wāthonoz, war-god of frenzy and slaughter, Lord of Ecstatic Trance. They ritually go into a frenzied state, believing then that they enter the Otherworld and commune with their god while their bodies, possessed by divine spirit, become invincible and impervious to normal weapons, and so do not have need of armor. They devoutly maintain that by dying with honor on the battlefield they might join the ranks of the Heavenly Host, to be able to fight again in the service of Wāthonoz, sitting, drinking and training beside their ancestors in the Hall of the Slain until the Doom of the Gods.

Vojīnōs (Slavic Light Spearmen)

Vojīnōs (Slavic Light Spearmen). Vojīnōs (VO-jī-nōs, "Warriors"). Vojīnōs are fierce infantry spearmen who form the bulk of the armies of the Nerjōs (Neuri) and Budīnōs (Budini). They wear no armor, but their large, oval shields afford substantial protection and they are brave, wild warriors that make very tough opponents. In addition, they inhabit harsh terrain, forest, rivers and swamps, which is not suitable for cavalry warfare, but that they can use to their advantage. Therefore, their tactical doctrine was probably similar to that of their later descendants, the Central European Slavs, who lived and fought under similar conditions: the deployment of spearmen defended by big shields and backed by packs of skirmishers armed with sturdy bows. When in a favorable ground, the wild courage of these tribesmen and their terrifying reputation (the claims of their being cannibals appear to have had a solid basis) are added to the picture, the resulting combination is one than can prove very difficult to defeat.

Vnvm Talentvm Ballistae (1 Talent Stone Projectors)

Vnvm Talentvm Ballistae (1 Talent Stone Projectors). The 1 talent stone projectors are the heaviest standard artillery pieces used by the Roman legions. The pure view of these intimidating machines, with their height of several meters, usually encourages the own milites nearby, while the loud distinct noises created by the machines vastly increase their terrifying effect on the enemy. The impact of their huge shoots, sometimes bouncing across the earth, can be disastrous for a tight a formation of enemy soldiers. However the towering heavy ballistae are practically immobile, once deployed, slow to reload and nearly impossible to turn, and thus it’s difficult to combat moving targets with them. Consequently they can rarely be of much good in open field battles and are most times limited to sieges. There, a day long bombardment can seriously weaken the defenders and demoralise the besieged people. A city sized target can’t be missed and the powerful stone balls can damage or destroy weakly built walls, towers or parapet walls , drive the defenders from the walls and cause havoc in the quarters behind. Huge and effective incendiary loads can cause fires on multiple places within the besieged city and further increase the chaos and fear created by that wonders of civilized warfare. All currently used Greco Roman artillery pieces are constructed after the same basic design as two armed torsion powered engines. The torsion springs itself are made of densely packed and drilled animal sinews and human hair, they are used to store the energy until the weapon is fired. The inner ending of the two arms is directly connected to the springs, while the others are attached to a rope that runs to the carriage holding the shoot. When the weapon is loaded the operator push back the carriage, with the help of a winch to master the high forces, so that the springs are twisted. When the piece is released they will move back to their original state and transfer the stored energy to the projectile.

Vigiles (Town Watch)

Vigiles (Town Watch). Vigiles are paramilitary units that mostly act as fire fighters and night watches, and sometimes have additional police duties. Most of them are lightly armed with a spear and a gladius and carry an ovular shield and a bronze Montefortino helmet for protection. With this equipment they can be used as an emergency defence, but these men are not soldiers and they should not be expected to defeat real warriors on even terms.

Vellinica (Goidilic Spearmen Levy)

Vellinica (Goidilic Spearmen Levy). The Vellinica (Val-lin-ik-ah; "Swift Fighters") are the most basic warriors of the Goidilic (Gaelic or Goedelic) tribes, and are thankfully cheap to maintain. They fight as spearmen, with good quality, reinforced spears. The Vellinica are only semi-professional. They work and train about four months a year, than rotate back to working as farmers, craftsmen, fishermen, etc., while their replacements go to train and fight. They are expensive to outfit compared to most light spearmen, but they are comparatively well trained and high spirited.

The Velites are armed with javelins a short sword and a small but strong ro...

The Velites are armed with javelins, a short sword and a small, but strong round shield. They wear no armour besides a plain helmet covered with an animal's skin (usually that of a wolf). This is mainly used for identification, and to make individuals recognizable to the centurions and tribunes over great distances.

Velites (Polybian Skirmishers)

Velites (Polybian Skirmishers). Velites are the legion's light infantry. In a pitched battle they will screen the legion's main battle line during the advance and harass the enemy. Before the heavy infantry engages trumpeters signal them to retreat through the gaps in the Roman line and reform behind the Triarii, or on the wings with the cavalry. Sometimes they are also directly used to support the cavalry.

Uirodusios (Celtic Naked Spearmen)

Uirodusios (Celtic Naked Spearmen). The Uirodusios (Oo-row-doo-see-os; "Man-Demons") fight in the ancient Celtic style, stripped nude but for his torc, anklets, and bangles, and sometimes a cloak. Though poorly defended, and not nearly as skilled as the Gaesatae mercenaries of Gaul, nor on drugs, they are still formidable and present a frightening visage that unnerves enemies. These are not so much an elite as they are often only somewhat experienced warriors who wish to increase their fame by daring acts of bravery.

Uazali (Karian Warband)

Uazali (Karian Warband). The Uazali are warbands of soldiers from the peoples of the southern coast of Mikra Asia: the Karians, Lykians, Pamphylians, and Pisidians. These warlike peoples have long traditions of military service abroad, and of nearly constant local warfare between the small cities and towns separated by the towering heights of the western Taurus. These Uazali are skilled mountain fighters. Their name comes from the Lykian tongue, and means "Warriors," and is similar also to the words used by the other peoples along the southern coast of Mikra Asia, all of whose languages derived primarily from the Hittite tongue. The Uazali carry a solid rectangular shield slung over the shoulder to ease the burden on the arms, emblazoned with signs of their peoples, and wear a solid Phrygian helm, a common form of protection among those in Asia who could afford such things. For weapons, they carry several javelins and a lengthened xiphos sword, which became a popular weapon in Mikra Asia, both as a result of the Iphikratid reforms, and out of experience fighting the Galatai, with their longswords. Their shields and helmets provide them a great deal of protection compared to most other skirmishing units, and their ferocity in melee surpasses most of their peers.

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